Sunday, 26 January 2014

Satavahana University inviting M.Pharm, Ph.D for recruitment of Professor, Associate Professor, Assistant Professor | 18 Posts

In accordance with F.No.14-9/2013 (CPP-II) dated 23-12-2013 and as per revised qualifications under UGC (approval of colleges offering technical professional education by universities) Regulations 2013, the applications are invited for the teaching positions in the department of Pharmacy as mentioned below.

Post: Professor, Associate Professor, Assistant Professor

No. of post: 
Professors- 03
Associate Professors- 01-OC(W), 01-SC(W), 01-OC, 01-BC-A(W)
Assistant Professors- 01-OC(W), 01-SC(W), 04-OC, 01-BC-A(W), 01-BLV(W)*, 01-SC, 01-ST(W), 01-BC-B(W)

(*Blindness or Low Vision – Women)

PROFESSOR (Pharmacy)
A. i) Bachelors and Masters Degree in Pharmacy with First Class or equivalent either in Bachelors or Masters Degree as applicable and PhD. or equivalent, in appropriate discipline.
ii) Post PhD publications and guiding PhD students is highly desirable.
A. i) Minimum of 10 years teaching and/or research and/or industrial experience of
 which at least 5 years should be at the level of Associate Professor.
B. Minimum of 13 years experience in teaching and/or Research and /or Industry.
In case of research experience, good academic record and books/research paper publications/IPR
/Patents record shall be required as deemed fit by the expert members in Selection Committee.
If the experience in industry is considered, the same shall be at managerial level equivalent to Associate Professor with active participation record in devising/designing, planning, analyzing quality control, innovating, training technical books/research paper publications/IPR/patents etc. as deemed fit by the expert members in Selection Committee.

i) Bachelors and Masters Degree in Pharmacy with First Class or equivalent either in Bachelors or Masters Degree as applicable and PhD. or equivalent, in appropriate discipline.
ii) Post PhD publications and guiding PhD students is highly desirable.
Minimum of 5 years teaching and/or research and/or research and/or industry experience of which at least 2 years post PhD is desirable.

Bachelors and Masters Degree in Pharmacy with First Class or equivalent either in Bachelors or Masters Degree. 

1. Attested true copies of all the testimonials, details of educational qualifications,   Date of Birth certificate, Caste certificate, Experience certificate, etc., should   be enclosed to the application. Original certificates should be compulsorily   produced at the time of the interview for verification and also at the time of   joining, if selected.
2. Money Orders/Postal Orders are not acceptable.
a. Candidates belonging to SC/ST/BC categories should enclose attested true copies of integrated/permanent caste certificate issued by the MRO/Tahasildar in the prescribed proforma. Candidates from other categories should enclose certificates issued by the competent authorities, failing which their claims will not be considered.
3. Applicants who are employed should send their applications through proper   channel accompanied by a letter of consent obtained from the employer   concerned and they must produce no objection certificate from the employer.
4. Teachers in the employment of the Universities shall apply through proper   channel.
5. Applicants for the posts of Assistant Professor/Associate Professor/Professor   should enclose three (3) sets of research publications/books/research   reports for assessment by the experts.
6. Canvassing in any form will be construed as disqualification.
7. Candidates should attend the interview at the place fixed and on the date and   time specified at his / her own expenses. The call for an interview conveys   no assurance of selection.
8. A candidate who is found to have furnished false particulars or to have   suppressed material, information or to have been found involved in unlawful   activities will be disqualified and if appointed, will be liable to be dismissed without any notice.
9. It is the responsibility of the candidate to furnish information about police   cases/pending enquiry if any, in which he/she is involved.
10. Newly appointed candidates will be eligible for the Contributory Pension Scheme of the Government of Andhra Pradesh. G.O.Ms.No.653, 654, 655,   Finance (Pension-1) Department, dated 22-09-2004.
11. The appointees are liable for transfer to any of the centres to be established by   the University outside its campus at a future date.
12. The recruitment of Teachers will be made as per guidelines communicated Vide G.O.Ms.No.14, Higher Education (UE-II) Dept., dated 20-02-2010 and   UGC/AICTE guidelines as issued from time to time.
13. Filled-in applications, in all respects, should be sent to The Registrar, Satavahana University, Main Campus, Malkapur Road, Chinthakunta, Karimnagar-505001, A.P., India by Registered Post/Speed Post with   Acknowledgement due so as to reach the office on or before 12-02-2014 in a   closed cover superscribed “Application for the Post of ________________ ” with a registration fee of Rs.500/-(Rupees Five Hundred only). For the candidates belonging to SC/ST and Physically challenged, the fee charged is Rs. 300/-(Rupees Three Hundred only).
14. The University is not responsible for postal delay, conduct and result of   interview and reasons for not being called for interview.
15. Applications in closed covers superscribed “Application for the Post of ______________ can also be submitted in person at the University Administrative Office, Main Campus, Malkapur Road, Chinthakunta, Karimnagar-505001 on or before 12-02-2014 by 5.00 p.m 

The prescribed application form together with Information Brochure can be downloaded from the University Website i.e., The filled–in application form should be accompanied by a Demand Draft for Rs.500/- (Rupees Five Hundred only) for general candidates or Rs.300/- (Rupees Three Hundred only) for SC/ST/Physically Challenged candidates, whichever is applicable, towards registration fee. The filled-in application form should reach either in person or by post on or before 12th February, 2014. The DDs should be drawn in favour of “Registrar, Satavahana University, Karimnagar” payable at State Bank of Hyderabad, Main Branch, Karimnagar.

The University reserves the right to fill or not to fill up any or all the posts without assigning any reasons, whatsoever, and call letters for interview will be issued to eligible candidates only as per rules.

Applications received after the prescribed date 12-02-2014 at 5.00 pm will not be entertained. The University is not responsible for any postal delay.

ADVERTISEMENT NO.04/2014 DATED 10-01-2014


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BIRAC invites for Exciting Career Opportunities - 6 posts | Doctorate in Life Sciences/ Pharma/ Bio Technology

Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC) is a Public Sector Section 25 ‘Not-for-Profit Company’ recently set up by the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science & Technology, Government of India to promote and nurture innovation research and growth of the biotech enterprise. BIRAC as an Interface agency serves the emerging biotech industries through gap filling interventions that facilitate high risk research, innovation and product development and also facilitates industry academia interaction. BIRAC’s focus is on empowering and enabling the biotech innovation ecosystem for affordable product development.

Posts: Head/Team Lead, Project Officer, Project Manager, Technical Officer, Business Development Manager, Head / Team Lead, Manager

Position: Head/ Team Lead - Investment Group - Level: 4/5
Purpose: Responsible for the investment programmes. Lead the implementation of the schemes for project appraisal, review, sanction, monitoring and management.
1. Key Responsibilities:
a. Project Appraisal
i. Drive project appraisal exercise (both technical and financial due diligence) for different projects under each scheme
ii. Define parameters for appraisal of projects under various schemes
b. Investment Management
iii. Develop plans for structuring of various investment schemes in areas such as target setting, modes of funding or fund disbursement etc
iv. Develop financial management guidelines, set budgets and assure expenditure monitoring of projects
v. Define performance indicators for each investment for effective monitoring
vi. Apply project management and quality assurance principles to all phases of the project.
c. Team Management
vii. Develop and nurture high performing teams
viii. Engage in continual learning to refine and develop further new programmes.
d. Project Management
ix. Ensure high quality service, and solicit and act on feedback.

2. Necessary Qualification:
– PhD in Life Sciences/ Pharma/ Bio Technology from a recognized and reputed institute

3. Experience:
– 10 years of experience in public/private sector enterprises with at least 5 years of experience in managing investment projects and leading multi-disciplinary teams in project appraisal, monitoring and management.

Position: Project Officer Investment - Level 1
Purpose: Evaluation and management of projects as per the guidelines.
1. Key Responsibilities:
a. Project Management
i. Work with Project Managers for managing different projects under various schemes, finalizing work plans and milestones with timelines
ii. Maintain, update and monitor project plan under the supervision of Manager
iii. Prepare and document project status reports
iv. Follow the established standards for project reporting and documentation
v. Deliver quality work on timely basis
vi. Understand sensitivity of projects and maintain confidentiality
vii. Timely disbursements
b. Team Management
viii. Understand team objectives and cooperate and collaborate with others to achieve them
ix. Adhere to internal and external compliance responsibilities in a timely manner
x. Demonstrate an awareness of business strategy and service offerings

2. Necessary Qualification:
B.Tech in Life Sciences/ Pharma/ Bio Technology from a recognized and reputed institute. M.Sc/ M Tech in all the stated fields will be preferred.

3. Experience:
2-4 years with at least 2 years of work experience in related area of work – Project management, Grants management.

Position: Head / Team Lead - Strategic Partnership and Entrepreneur Development - Level 4/5
Purpose: Responsible for strategic and collaborative partnerships, frame and implement strategies for business development and resource mobilization and entrepreneurship development in the biotech sector
1. Key Responsibilities:
a. Partnership Development
i. Frame and implement strategies for entering into partnerships with organizations and institutions, nationally and internationally.
ii. Lead assessment of potential partner prior to entering into partnership
iii. Carry out financial and institutional evaluation of prospective partner organizations
iv. Identify scope for enhancing relationships with existing partners
b. Business Development and Resource Mobilization
v. Identify prospects for new business opportunities
vi. Implement strategies for resource mobilization
vii. Reach out to potential donor organizations that are interested in parenting for funding innovative projects in biotech sector
c. Entrepreneurship Development
viii. Frame and implement strategies and programmes for entrepreneurship development
ix. Organize workshops, trainings, seminars etc for capacity building and mentorship.
d. Team Leadership
x. Leads and motivates staff, and builds and manages effective teams
xi. Systematically works to form trusted relationships based on mutual respect
xii. Mentors and inspires the team for optimum performance
xiii. Approaches change with flexibility
xiv. Creates environment that encourages improvement and innovation resistance

2. Necessary Qualification:
– PhD in Life Sciences/Biotechnology/ Pharma from a reputed institute

3. Experience:
– At least 10 years of business development/ alliance integration/ cooperative strategy entrepreneur development experience in a services organization of which at least 5 years should be at senior management level

Position: Entrepreneurship Development Manager/ Officer- Level 2 /1
Purpose: To promote innovation and entrepreneur development to strengthen biotech sector in India.
1. Key Responsibilities:
i. Implement entrepreneurship development programs
ii. Identify potential entrepreneurs in the biotech sector and assure that need assessments are carried out
iii. Based on need assessment, identify suitable resources to develop methods (through funding, training, education, facilities) for supporting entrepreneurship in the sector
iv. Identify entrepreneurs/ experts to conduct training / workshops
v. Organize workshops, trainings to enhance the capabilities of scientists/ entrepreneurs
vi. Evaluate entrepreneurship development program outcomes and makes suitable changes in the next phase of training
vii. Provide advisory services in managerial economics and financial planning
viii. Maintains linkages with academia and industry to provide access to required infrastructure, incubation space, equipment and pilot plant
ix. Encourage team dialogue and keep team and leadership informed on progress and issues
x. Understand personal and team role and responsibilities
xi. Prepare concise, well-written documents using appropriate business and technical language.

2. Necessary Qualification:
– BSc/ B Tech in Life Sciences/Biotechnology/ Pharma from a reputed institute. M.Sc / M.Tech / MBA from a recognized and reputed institute will be preferred.

3. Experience:
– 3-6 years with at least 2-3 years in entrepreneurship development and public private partnerships activities in a public or private organization

Position: Head / Team Lead - Specialized Services - Level 4
To develop strategy and guidelines for providing specialized services for empowering and enabling the biotech innovation ecosystem such as IP management, technology transfer, technology acquisition and to ensure their execution assuring highest quality.
1. Key Responsibilities:
a. Systems Development
i. Develop strategy to determine the nature, scope and modalities for specialized service offerings
ii. Develop a framework for providing specific specialized services that would outline BIRAC’s role including advisory, facilitating, partnering or acquisition
iii. Develops SOPs to monitor various service offerings
b. Advisory
iv. Assure mapping of technology and intellectual property rights and patents
v. Provide regulatory guidance to different programme teams
vi. Provide strategic solutions to problems after careful consideration of multiple alternatives
vii. Provide advisory services for licensing, acquisition and technology transfer
c. Facilitating
viii. Provides handholding and mentoring support for specialized services
ix. Conduct negotiations with partners or alliance agencies as needed to resolve key regulatory issues
x. Lead the scoping and evaluation of major strategic innovation initiatives across BIRAC priority areas
d. Partnering
xi. Devise plans for enabling acquisition/transfer or licence of innovative technology
xii. Seek partnerships with service providers
e. Team Management
xiii. Approach change with flexibility; creates environment that encourages improvement and innovation; helps others to handle change and address resistance
xiv. Form and lead high performing teams by bringing right resources together

2. Necessary Qualification:
MSc/ M Tech in Applied Life Sciences/ Biotechnology/ Medical Microbiology/ Biochemistry/ Plant Biotechnology/ Microbiology/ Agriculture / Plant Sciences/ Animal Sciences /MBBS / Veterinary physician

3. Preferable:
* PhD in Life Sciences/ Pharma/ Bio Technology from a recognized and reputed institute
* Diploma/ degree holder in Intellectual Property and / or Technology Transfer & Licensing from a reputed law college or institute
* LLB from a recognised and reputed institute

4. Experience:
8-10 years of work experience in public/private sector biotech/pharma/ research enterprises out of which at least 5 years should be in leadership position in the field of Intellectual Property Rights / patenting / technology licensing and acquisitioning/ copyrighting

Position: Manager (Intellectual Property and Technology Management) - Level 2
(a) To provide a comprehensive understanding and implementation of issues involved in IP Management and Technology transfer and acquisition.
(b) To be responsible for ensuring that BIRAC funded projects are in conformity with the requirements of IP related rules and regulations and also assist in their IP and Technology Management.

1. Key Responsibilities:
a. IP Due Diligence
i. Conduct IP due diligence for eligible proposals received under various funding schemes
ii. Conduct freedom-to-operate searches and provides a written opinion
iii. Direct patent landscape /IP or Technology mapping to identify patenting activities
b. Advisory
iv. Provides advisory services for innovation research projects on IP policies and management
v. Review intellectual property provisions of various innovation research and assist in rendering opinions on validity and infringement
c. Patent Awareness
vi. Analysis of patent policy of India in comparison to other countries
vii. Manage and participate in IP awareness workshops
d. Technology Analysis
viii. Mapping of technologies in research organizations at national and international level
ix. Evaluate the technology on basis of its potential for commercialization.
e. Technology Transfer
x. Sourcing of technology from research and academia
xi. Facilitate the process of transfer from lab to small biotech to large biotech to market
xii. Determine technology pricing based on market demand, growth potential, innovativeness of the technology etc.
xiii. Provide assistance in drafting technology transfer agreements with assistance from Legal Cell
xiv. Facilitate discussions on technology transfer at various platforms

2. Necessary Qualification:
MSc/ M Tech in life sciences/ bio technology/ pharma/ agri/ plant sciences. PhD in any of the above will be preferred. Patent agent qualification or degree in Law or Diploma/ degree in Intellectual Property from a recognized and reputed institute.

3. Experience:
3-6 years with at least 3 experience in patent analysis, intellectual property strategy development and implementation and / or technology licensing and acquisition in biotech/ pharma/ agri/ bio informatics industry.

Interested candidates should apply by at in the prescribed format
(i)  Application Proforma (enclosed BIRAC)
(ii) Education Qualifications (enclosed BIRAC) "Copy of detailed CV may be attached"

Employees of Central / State Govts and or other CPSEs should send their applications through proper channel to the following address:

Managing Director
Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council
A-254, Defence Colony
New Delhi – 110024

Last Date for Application is 15th February, 2014
Notwithstanding anything contained herein or elsewhere; the decisions taken by BIRAC shall be binding upon all concerned.


Work for Technical Assistant B in MACS- Agharkar Research Institute

Agharkar Research Institute (ARI) is an autonomous, grant-in-aid research institute of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Goverment of India. It was established in 1946 by the Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science as MACS Research Institute and renamed as ARI in 1992 in honour and memory of its founder Director, late Professor S.P. Agharkar.

Applications are invited from eligible Indian citizens for a temporary post of `Technical Assistant B’ under ICAR Wheat Project to work at Agricultural Farm situated at Hol Atphata, Tal. Baramati, Dist. Pune. Pay-scale PB-2 Rs.9300-34800 + Grade Pay Rs.4200/-. TMERs. 28520/- approx.

Post: Technical Assistant B

Age limit: 30 years.

Essential: 1st class M.Sc. in Agriculture/ Botany/ Plant Pathology/ Genetics & Plant Breeding/ Plant Physiology.

Desirable: Experience in conducting field trials and research experience on cereals, preferably wheat.

[Post Code: TAB-WHEAT]

Selected candidate may have to work at Agricultural Farm situated at Hol Atphata, Tal. Baramati, Dist. Pune (about 90 kms from Pune) or Pune campus, as per need.

General conditions: Age limit is relaxable by 3 for OBC & 5 years SC, ST & Employees from Govt./Semi Govt./Autonomous Bodies applying through proper channel. Further age relaxation may be considered in case of exceptionally deserving and highly experienced candidates. Candidates fulfilling above conditions may apply in the prescribed format available on the Institute’s website, with attested copies of qualifications, certificates, Caste Certificate issued by competent authority and Passport size photographs and application fees payable by Demand Draft of Rs.100/- in favor of Director, ARI, Pune, to the Director, ARI, Pune, before 15.02.2014. SC & ST candidates are exempted for payment of application fee. Canvassing in any form and/or bringing in any influence political or otherwise will be treated as a disqualification for the post.

The prescribed essential qualifications are a bare minimum and mere possession of the same will not entitle the candidate to be called for interview. In case number of applications received in response to an advertisement is large, it may not be convenient or possible for the Institute to interview all the candidates. The Institute may restrict the number of candidates to be called for interview to a reasonable limit, on the basis of qualifications and experience higher than the minimum prescribed in the advertisement. Interim enquiries will not be responded. In case of non-availability of suitable qualified candidate, Institute may consider available candidate/s for offering lower grade post.

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Requires Technician jobs at Ministry Of Defence in Ambarnath, Jan 2014

Job Location:
Ambarnath, Maharashtra

Job Details:

Ministry Of Defence, Senior Quality Assurance Estt (Metals) Ambarnath invites applications for the follow posts 2014 Jan Advertisement from Ministry Of Defence, Senior Quality Assurance Establishment (Metals)

Technician (Semi Skilled)

No. of Positions:  02

Educational Qualifications:

Candidate should have passed Matriculation (10th Class) from a recognized Board


(details of experience required)

Pay Scale:

INR (PB-1) Rs.5200-20200 + Grade Pay Rs.1800/-



How To Apply:

Applications should be sent to Ministry Of Defence, Senior Quality Assurance Establishment (Metals) office. Send your fully filled applications to The Senior Quality Assurance Officer Senior Quality Assurance Establishment (Metals) Ambarnath - 421502 (Maharashtra), For More See Employment News 25-31 Jan 2014, Page No.22
Last Date:  February 14, 2014

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Requires Assistant Professor jobs at Haryana Public Service Commission (HPSC)

Job Location:
Panchkula, Haryana

Job Details:

Haryana Public Service Commission (HPSC) Panchkula invites applications for the follow posts
2014 Jan Advertisement from Haryana Public Service Commission (HPSC)

Assistant Professor

No. of Positions:  1396

Educational Qualifications:

(a) Good academic record with atleast 55% of the marks or an equivalent grade of B in the 7 point scale with letter grades O,A,B,C,D,E and F at the Master’s Degree level in the relevant subject from an Indian University or an equivalent degree from a Foreign University. (b) Knowledge of Hindi/Sanskrit upto Matric standard.


(details of experience required)

Pay Scale:

INR Rs.15600-39100 + Grade Pay Rs.6000/-


Faculty / Teaching Jobs

How To Apply:

Applications to this job are to be filled online. Please follow the link given below to apply (or visit original job details page)

Last Date:  February 21, 2014


Download Official Notification:

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Applications Invited for Internship under TCOS

OSDD–CDAC, with the recognition of the need of high performance computing in the OSDD drug discovery process and GARUDA grid of CDAC was proposed as the possible solution for the computing problems faced by the members of OSDD community. Set up in 1988, Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) is the premier R&D organization of the Department of Information Technology (DIT), Ministry of Communications & Information Technology (MCIT) for carrying out R&D in IT, Electronics and associated areas.

Applications are invited from students of Indian nationality for doing their summer/winter internships


Required Qualification:
1. Graduate / postgraduate  students
2. Researchers who require  internship
3. Who are ready to participate on OSDD crowd sourcing activities.

Project duration: Minimum one month or Maximum 6 Months Rs. 5000 monthly

Selection: Based on the projects submitted by student subject to approval of TCOF committee

*We will submit applications obtained till 5th and 20th of the every Month to review committee (when there is a Vacancy) Number of seats 50

How to Apply:
* Please download the application form and attach your project proposal and the recommendation letter from the PI and send it to the address mentioned below and superscribed on the envelope TCOS. Also send the soft copy of the same with the subject of the mail as “Application for TCOS”.
* Incomplete application forms would be summarily rejected.
* For further queries please contact, mail:

2nd floor, Entrepreneurship Centre, SID IISc,
Bangalore- 560012

Students would have to apply through their Principal Investigator (Guide) or their university/college teachers respectively. Interested candidates could visit the websites for further information.


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Vacancies for Pharmacists (32 posts) in Directorate of Employees State Insurance, Chhattisgarh - Govt Job

Chhattisgarh is the 10th largest state in India with an area of 135,190 sq-km. Chhattisgarh is the 16th largest state in terms of population which is approximately equal to 2,08,00,000. The native language of people of Chhattisgarh is Chhattisgarhi. Capital of Chhattisgarh is Raipur which is the center of all the trade, economy and administration.

Post: Pharmacist Grade- 2

No. of post: 32

Pay Scale: Rs. 5200-20200/- with Grade pay- Rs. 1900

Essential Qualification: Pass Higher Secondary (10+2). Recognized as pharmacist from reputed institute.

*This recruitment will be performed on Employee state Insurance Plan's rule 1978 and 1985
*Age limit for date 01.01.2014, 18 to 35 years. Relaxation is given as per Chhattisgarh government.
*Candidate should be resident of Chhattisgarh.
*Candidate should have registered in any employment offices of Chhattisgarh.
*Candidate is hired for 2 years of probation period.
*Depending on requirement no. of vacancies may increase or decrease.
*Ladies candidates will get 30% horizontal reservation
*Ex servicemen and handicapped candidates will receive reservation as per rules.

* Different notices regarding Reservation rules, notification will also placed upon this notice.
* Candidates who are working in government or semi-government firms should apply after permission of chairman of department.
* Applications which are not complete or properly filled will be rejected.


Exam Fees: 
Candidates with unreserved category should pay Rs. 450, OBC to pay Rs. 450, SC/ST should pay Rs. 200 (non refundable).

How to Apply:
1. Submit application in given format by handwriting or typing.
2. It is mandatory to write name and class of post for which you are applying.
3. Also attach transaction copy which you got from bank on the time of paying examination fees.
4. There is no need to attach certificates of qualification along with application.
5. Reserve candidate have to attach caste certificate along with application form.
6. Forward application by post to,
Directorate of Employees State Insurance,

D-290/5. Taigore Nagar Raipur

Last Date of Application: 05-02-2014 on 5.00 PM

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Faculty posts in ESIC Dental Colleges, Karnataka: Jan-2014

Applications in the prescribed format are invited for filling up various vacancies of Professors, & Associate Professors and Assistant Professors positions in ESIC Dental College – Gulbarga, Karnataka on direct recruitment:

ESIC Dental College, Gulbarga, Karnataka :  

·         Professor : 01 post

·         Associate Professor : 05 posts

·         Assistant Professor : 09 posts

How to Apply:  Apply Online at ESIC website on or before 09/02/2014 up to 5.00 pm only.  Take print out of the system generated application and send it by 16/02/2014 and by 23/02/2014 from far-flung areas of the country.


Pharmacy Naukri wishes you HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY

Republic Day honours the date on which the Constitution of India came into force on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.

The Constitution was passed by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949 but was adopted on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country's transition toward becoming an independent republic. 26 January was selected for this purpose because it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.

India achieved independence from British rule on 15 August 1947 following the Indian independence movement noted for largely peaceful nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience led by the Indian National Congress. The independence came through the Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 & 11 Geo 6 c. 30), an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth (later Commonwealth of Nations): India and Pakistan. India obtained its independence on 15 August 1947 as a constitutional monarchy with George VI as head of state and the Earl Mountbatten as governor-general. The country, though, did not yet have a permanent constitution; instead its laws were based on the modified colonial Government of India Act 1935. On 28 August 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as chairman. While India's Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates the coming into force of its constitution.

A draft constitution was prepared by the committee and submitted to the Assembly on 4 November 1947.  The Assembly met, in sessions open to public, for 166 days, spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days before adopting the Constitution. After many deliberations and some modifications, the 308 members of the Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on 24 January 1950. Two days later, it came into effect throughout the nation

The main Republic Day celebration is held in the national capital, New Delhi, at the Rajpath before the President of India. On this day, ceremonious parades take place at the Rajpath, which are performed as a tribute to India.
The Beating Retreat ceremony officially denotes the end of Republic Day festivities. It is conducted on the evening of 29 January, the third day after the Republic Day. It is performed by the bands of the three wings of the military, the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force. The venue is Raisina Hills and an adjacent square, Vijay Chowk, flanked by the north and south block of the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's Palace) towards the end of Rajpath.